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A Legal Member of a Country Is a

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Article 10 of the Statute originally provided that the term of office of the members of the Commission should be three years, with the possibility of re-election. In practice, however, a longer term has proved beneficial for the advancement of the Commission`s work, and the term of office has been extended to five years, first ad hoc and then permanent.43 Article 8 of the Statute (based on Article 9 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice) provides that voters shall take into account, that the persons to be elected to the Commission shall individually possess the necessary qualifications (i.e. competence recognized under the law). in accordance with Article 2) and that the Commission as a whole should ensure the representation of the most important forms of civilization and the most important legal systems in the world (Article 8). Citizenship is the status of a person who, according to custom or law, is recognized as a legitimate member of a sovereign State or belongs to a nation. 8 A Swiss national was appointed (but not elected) in the 1968 election, even though Switzerland was not a member of the United Nations at the time. 56 Ibid., Rule 1(b). Since 2007, all newly elected members of the Commission have been invited to sign the declaration. At its twentieth session, in 1968, the Commission proposed to the General Assembly that the term of office of the members of the Commission be extended from five to six or seven years. In the Commission`s view, experience has shown that, given the long nature of the codification process, a period of six or seven years is the minimum for the completion of a programme of work.44 The Sixth Committee of the General Assembly took note of the proposal and deferred the decision on the matter to a later meeting.45 Citizenship is a status in society. It is also an ideal condition.

It usually describes a person with legal rights within a particular political order. It almost always has an element of exclusion, which means that some people are not citizens and that this distinction can sometimes be very important or not, depending on a particular society. Citizenship as a concept is generally difficult to isolate intellectually and compare to related political notions, as it refers to many other aspects of society such as family, military service, individual, freedom, religion, ideas of good and evil, ethnicity, and patterns of how a person should behave in society. [21] While there are many different groups within a nation, citizenship may be the only real bond that unites everyone on an equal footing without discrimination – it is a “broad bond” that connects “a person to the state” and gives people a universal identity as a legal member of a particular nation. [42] 49 The Chairperson, Special Rapporteurs and other members of the Commission have also received honoraria in the past. The basic principle of payment of fees established by the General Assembly in resolution 2489 (XXIII) of 21. It was established in December 1968 and reaffirmed in its resolutions 3536 (XXX) of 17 December 1975 and 35/218 of 17 December 1980 that neither a fee nor any other remuneration in addition to daily subsistence allowance would be paid at the normal rate to members of organs or subsidiary organs of the United Nations, unless expressly indicated by the General Assembly. The payment of honorariums to the members of the Commission was approved on an exceptional basis by the General Assembly, the rates having been revised and sometimes revised by the Secretary-General. In 1981, the rates of honor payable to members of the Commission were revised as follows: Chairman — 5,000; other members — 3,000; and special rapporteurs who prepared inter-meeting reports – an additional $2,500. In 1998, the Secretary-General submitted a report showing that the General Assembly could consider adjusting the fee rates from 1. January 1999 by 25 per cent (document A/53/643). In its resolution 56/272 of 27 March 2002, the General Assembly decided to set the fees payable to the Commission at one united States dollar per annum in order to utilize the savings made by the United Nations Secretariat for the restoration of Internet services in New York, but which would be abolished owing to budgetary constraints (see General Assembly resolution 56/254 D, as of March 27, 2002).

At its fifty-fourth session, in 2002, the Commission noted that resolution 56/272 had been adopted after the election of its members by the General Assembly and that the decision had been taken without consultation with the Commission; considered that the decision was not procedurally or substantively compatible with the principles of fairness according to which the United Nations conducts its work, nor with the spirit of service to which the members of the Commission devote their time and approach their work; stressed that the resolution particularly affected special rapporteurs, in particular those from developing countries, by hindering support for their research; and decided not to collect the fees because of concerns about the administrative costs associated with the payment of symbolic fees (see Yearbook . 2002, Vol.

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